Fruit Growing Problems due to the Weather

Apricot dieback, is quite noticeable like the following photos that I took this spring?

Apricot Die Back

Apricot Die Back

Apricot Die Back

For me, this effect seems very bad this year. We have had it occasionally in previous years. We have had tests done, but nothing to indicate anything. Normally its due to a bacterial infection like canker, gummosis, vertticillium wilt.

It seems we did have excessive rain/flooding during winter, and the land did not dry out, or even freeze. So the roots stood in water for a good few months. Dependant on the rootstock used, some are worse than others. But we did have a very late frost 12th May 2020, that was quite hard for only an hour or so.

We cut out the more severely dead branches, and strangely the tree sends out vigorous new healthy looking growth. If you see the 1st photo the leaves lower down are healthy and green.

A similar effect on a potted plum tree, see photo below. But this was probably due to intense high temperatures and UV and lack of rain. Normal sun scorch gradually burns the tips of the leaves, but no burning in this instance ? so I am stumped with this. Could well be a virus.

Plum Wilt

Plum Wilt

We did have a very late and hard frost, for only a few hours recently, 12th May 2020. My fig trees in full leaf took a hit, see photo below. They still have not fully recovered, but as the tips were caught, the fruit below were mostly OK.

Frost Burn

Frost Burn

In contrast, mid June 2020, we had severe sunburn of Persimmon, Sweet Chestnut and Pawpaw seedlings, see photo below. Not sure if main shoot has been affected. It will probably just stunt the growth. But the intense UV through our normal greenhouse shading, gave little protection.

Sun Scorch

Sun Scorch

The below photo shows an effect whereby leaves have unfurled and then died. And this was on cherries and plums. I put this down to the rootstock, not having produced sufficient roots to support the ie water flow through the graft. And in some instances the graft not even taken. The photo below shows a nicely growing plum, and from the same batch, leaves dying, with no roots

Plum Wilt

Plum Wilt

Also on a similar theme the following photo below, shows a pears, with the graft not taken due to the graft not callusing and the roots dying, due to being exposed to above 30 deg C in the greenhouse. The scions are still green and alive. However the rootstock gradually survives and produces shoots.

We will shortly go round and regraft the same scion (re cut to live growth) onto same rootstock, but lower down also onto live growth.

As mentioned before, rootstock play an important roll in there capability of withstanding, waterlogged ground, non irrigated ground, freezing spells etc etc.

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Exquisitely coloured purple fruitlet of crab apple Neville Copeland (Copeman)

In passing through my orchard, this particular variety caught my eye. It has vivid purple fruitlets, that show up against the green of the leaves. Very often grown as a pollinator, as it has a very wide flowering period.

crab apple neville copeland

The purple fruitlets change colour throughout the year, and do not stay purple.

crab apple neville copeland

crab apple neville copeland

crab apple neville copeland

crab apple neville copeland

I think my record of the variety being Neville Copeland, I think it should be called Neville Copeman.

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Just a quick test message

Just a quick test message

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Comparison of a Normal Walnut (Juglans regia) and a ‘Coble’ – variety

A very large nut. Photo shows comparison to a normal walnut. A bit of a novelty due to its size, but still has large, nice and tasty nuts.

Originates from Pennsylvania, USA.

Scion wood will be available for shipping winter  2020/2021. Have a check here

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Comparison of a Normal Walnut (Juglans regia) and a ‘Coble’ – variety

A very large nut. Photo shows comparison to a normal walnut. A bit of a novelty due to its size, but still has large, nice and tasty nuts.

Originates from Pennsylvania, USA.

Scion wood will be available for shipping winter  2020/2021. Have a check here

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Messing about in the orchard – Surely not ??

Do you think I need my hair cutting. With this Corona virus lockdown, I have not had a hair cut for 2 months.

No that is not the answer. I am in fact get me cherry netting out of the shed and moving it to the orchard. I have not found an easy way to get it moved.

Needless to say this time I am going to leave it on all winter to see how it goes.

 

This just a short walk through the cherry trees. For those with exceptionally good eysight they might see some DEFRA / FERA quarentine stickers. These were left on after being given the all clear for PPV (Plum Pox Virus) testing.

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After 6 years finally a flower on my PawPaw var Shenandoah

Its now 6 years since planting some seeds of PawPaw (Asimina triloba) variety Shenandoah, and finally its flowered.

All I have to do now is wait for another variety to also flower, as they need another for cross pollination. They are not self fertile, as I can vouch for, as the flower dropped off.

They are normally pollinated by flies, as it is supposed that you should put some rotting meat nearby to attract the flies. But we will not be doing that, it will be a fine paint brush.

When the flowers first open they will be in the female stage of flowering with the little green stigmas sticking up above the still unopened male flowers. They will remain like this for a few days, receptive to pollen from other trees. Next the male flowers open and begin shedding pollen.

You can just see a tiny cluster of possibly 5 pawpaw fruits just beginning to form. But as this flower was unfertilized, it fell off.

Please note that the Shenandoah™ name is trademarked in the USA.

This variety is one of the largest and most flavourful Pawpaws. Weighing up to 500grams each. The fruit ripens in mid season and is sweet and flavourful with creamy-yellow, custard-like flesh.

They prefer full sun and well-drained soil, and are  cold hardy to zone 5 (minus 6 or 7 deg C). They can grow to 4m tall and same spread. It is a slow growing, small tree, which is naturally disease and pest resistant.

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Juglans (Nigra) Microcarpa – 4 seeds Available to purchase.

Juglans Microcarpa

Juglans Microcarpa

Sometimes called ‘Little Walnut’ or ‘Texas Black Walnut’. Only grows to 10m tall and has masses of nuts on. The squirrels do not like this one. Ours stay on the tree until winter.

The nuts are about 20mm diameter. The photo compares with a hazelnut. The shell is very hard, with edible kernel inside.

To Purchase please checkout

Grows in all soils but prefers slight acid, but does not like shade.

These are supplied ‘in the green’ when freshly harvested in October, but as the months progress the outer hust is removed.

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Apple – Viking variety – New for 2019

This variety was produced from the University of Illinois, USA apple breeding program as hybrid PRI 1033-5e later on to be called Viking.

It is a medium to large sized summer apple, with a very deep dark maroon to purple colour skin when in full sun. But in contrast the skin colour behind it is closely concealed leaves is green. Giving that high contrast of Purple and Green.

apple-viking

It is crisp, juicy and tart. It is a cooking variety with very good flavor used for apple sauce. It has also been used for cider making.

It can be stored for about a month but it can bruise easily.

apple-viking

apple-viking

apple-viking

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An early ripening Apple – Yellow Transparent, early August

An early ripening Apple – Yellow Transparent that ripens in early August.

Apple - Yellow Transparent

Apple – Yellow Transparent

In good years (like 2019) it was ripe in late July. It was thought to be a US variety, but it originated in Latvia, 1850’s, hence its cold hardiness.

There is thought that this variety is the same as White Transparent. It is regarded as an early cooker, but when jully ripe it can be eaten. But they do not store, so must be gathered and used straight away.

 

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