Peach – Viktors a very sweet and very juicy crop for 2018
A most promising variety that was registered in Latvia in 2004. Fruits are medium, round, yellow with red skin, and white flesh. Juicy, very tasty. Harvest – July beginning of August. It is very fertile. It is recommended to reduce the number of fruit buds ensure fruit size.
This first photo today is called ‘Velvet’ of Canadian origin. It is an early variety, harvesting fruit in July. Resistant to frost with fruit medium sized, pale yellow, rose red cover. They are juicy, sweet, with flesh semi clinging/free to the stone.
The next photo is Peach called ‘Doneckij Bielyj’. Originating from Ukraine. It stands out from other varieties of large fruits that their colour and size similar to lilac apples, very heavy, weighing up to 150-200g. Very early start cropping, especially the fresh, sweet and sour taste, very juicy. Ripen in mid-August. Developed for shorter growing seasons and less demanding in terms of heat
With the final peach photo of a variety called ‘Maira’. Derived from Latvia. This is another frost-resistant variety. Fruits ripen in the second half of July. They are medium-sized and large (up to 150g), greenish-white flesh. Juiciness of the fruit so that you can just have a drink! Very valuable, dessert peach variety. Drops to the ground when very ripe.
Well not quite true as Aprisali is in fact an Apricot Plum cross. Quite a new self fertile variety that is hardy and thus suitable for colder regions. The skin colour is almost jet black, with a red juicey sweet flesh.
I have a plum tree in my orchard, that is growing on the wrong rootstock. As it is growing massively to tall. I cannot reach the top to harvest the small crop of scion wood or fruit. So something drastic had to happen. Well I decided to pollard it right down to approx 5ft or 1.5m tall.
I was going to do multiple crown grafts, but I have not got any replacement trees on smaller rootstocks of this plum variety. More importantly I had got to get some. Just below the main cuts on the trunk you can see small buds breaking. I should have some nice scion wood next winter and then re graft as well.
Here we have just a selection of Peaches that are in flower now.
Peach Flat – UFO 4 ®
Description – Ripening date is -23 days before Redhaven. Its is an Italian variety that produces high and consistent flat fruit. With the fruit being greenish-white with 80% bright red blush; sweet flavour, very good (>14°Brix), white melting flesh, very firm; size AA (average fruit size about 120 g). Overall: variety with high and consistent yield of large fruit with excellent flavour.
Genetic Dwarf Peach or Patio Peach – Garden Gold
Description – Intense pink blossoms appear in spring, with fruit ripening in August. The fruit are bright golden colour with a red blush.
Peach – Shimizu White Ice
Description – A Japanese favourite fruit which is harvested late July to early August. The trademark of the milky white peach, is by bagging each individual fruit. This prevents the sun from producing its normal peach colour. Bagging also protects the fruit from pests and wind and rain. The protected environment inside the bag produces a soft, delicate fruit with skin that peels easily. Shimizu White Peach, is the most famous variety, and it is referred to as the ‘Queen of Peaches’, for it has a splendid blend of soft texture, juice and sweet fragrance.
Dryocosmus kuriphilus is a species of gall wasp known by the common names chestnut (Castanea) gall wasp, Oriental chestnut gall wasp, and Asian chestnut gall wasp. It is native to China and it is known in many other parts of the world, particularly the Northern Hemisphere, as an introduced species and an invasive horticultural pest. It attacks many species of chestnut (genus Castanea), including most cultivated varieties. It is considered the world’s worst pest of chestnuts,
The following is an extract from https://www.actahort.org/books/1019/1019_37.htm
Studies were conducted to determine if high temperature treatment was a viable method of disinfesting Dryocosmus kuriphilus larvae in Chinese chestnut buds (Castanea). Preliminary experiments indicated that the warmest lethal temperature for ‘Qing’ Chinese chestnut buds was influenced by the time of collection, diameter of the scion wood, and the duration of the heat treatment. Forced-air heating with a programmable Tenney chamber and radio frequency heating in a custom built unit were problematic and more expensive methods of treating chestnut scion wood than hot water immersion in a recirculating bath. ‘Qing’ scion buds from wood immersed in a water bath at 52 or 53°C for 10 min and grafted onto AU-Cropper seedling rootstock had 75 and 25% graft union success, respectively and produced scion growth without galls. Untreated ‘Qing’ buds had 80% graft union success, but galls formed on 42% of the successfully-grafted trees. These results indicate that hot water immersion is an effective method for inducing D. kuriphilus larvae mortality in chestnut buds before growth begins in the spring. Gall wasp larvae also were killed after hot water immersion of small galls attached to chestnut stems at ≥49°C for 5 min.
Fruiting can start 2-3 years but 4-5 is normal. Productivity is quite good because of very high fertility of female flowers. Male flowers 20 June to 2 July, female flowers 30 June – 11 July. A productive variety, quite widely adaptable, suitable for the fresh market and for industrial use.
Nuts are of medium size, but quite sweet. Reported to be the last variety to drop its nuts ?.
Harvesting Sweet Chestnut (Castanea crenata x Castanea sativa) – ‘‘Marigoule’’ 5th Oct 2018. A very prolific cropper this year, with masses of large nuts. As the burrs were more brown, the spines were a lot more spikey. Take care in harvesting them, but these had to be gathered before the squirrels took them.
As this Sweet Chestnut is a Castanea crenata cross with Castanea sativa, it is know for its resistance to root rot – Phytophthora ramorum. It is self fertile variety, this cultivar can be a pollinator for most of the pollen sterile chestnut tree varieties.
We are just harvesting Sweet Chestnut (Castanea sativa) – Judia, today 5th Oct 2018. We have got to beat the squirrels, mind you they do find it tough going with all those spines. Some of the nuts are still a bit white, but they will ripen up.
‘‘Judia’’ is extensively planted in new orchards in Portugal, mainly due to its better fruit size, (60 fruits/kg), good fruit appearance, ﬂat shape, adequate for cooking, and excellent for fresh consumption.
Normally, farmers plant seedlings of C. sativa as a rootstock and grafting them with Judia material collected from self selected trees. In order to improve its valorisation. In 1994 there were created two protected designation of origin (PDO) called “Castanha da Terra Fria” and “Castanha da Padrela”. The first PDO corresponds to an area comprising between Bragança and Macedo de Cavaleiros and second one to a region with Valpaços being its centre.
In both regions there are chestnut trees growing at an altitude of 600 m to 1000 m. In “Castanha da Padrela” Judia represents almost 90% of total production.
However, Judia shows some adaptative constraints to summer’s high temperatures as it is
frequently happening nowadays in both regions as a consequence of climatic changes. According to studies the optimal temperature for photosynthesis in Judia is about 24ºC
being its production strongly reduced (above 50%) when temperature goes up 32ºC.
This ideal temperature range makes it very suitable for UK climates.
Walnut – var Sejnovo – Beginning to drop 10th September 2018 (Very Early).
There are a number of spelling variations Sejnovo or Chenovo or Sheinovo. Originating in Serbia or Bulgaria for its walnut blight resistance.
Flowering period: May. Fruits medium-sized, that are oval, shell thin. Ripening time: September-October. The flowers are protandrous (having the male reproductive organs come to maturity before the female). With a nut weight of 11.9g average and a kernel of 55.6%
I think the mice are beginning to get to them. This one was lying on the ground. Managed to control the squirrels.