Cockington (Devon) Orchard 2016

cockington-20161017_102557

Cockington Orchard 2016

Cockington Orchard 2016

This is a view of the orchard mainly planted 5 years or so ago

Cockington Orchard 2016

Cockington Orchard 2016

Further on from the previous plantings these look like they were planted last year. Yet again none of them have any name tags. But it looks like they have all been sponsored / bequeathed to deceased mothers, fathers, grand parents etc.

Cockington Cider Press 2016

Cockington Cider Press 2016

A good shot of the twin shafted cider press, the day after ‘The Apple Day’. See the massive oak timbers.

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Watercore of Apples

Apple Watercore

Apple Watercore

WHAT IS WATERCORE?

Watercore is a physiological disorder of apple fruit characterized by water-soaked tissue around the vascular bundles or core area due to the spaces between cells becoming filled with fluid instead of air. Affected tissue is water-soaked and glassy looking.

Generally damage is not visible on the skin, and it is only when fruit are cut that the damage is seen. In severe cases flesh can be affected right up to the skin, which then darkens over affected areas.
Some varieties are more susceptible to the disorder than others. These include Braeburn, Sundowner, Fuji, Lady Williams and Red Delicious.

WHAT IS WATERCORE?

Watercore is more of a problem in arid and semi-arid areas. Low night temperatures in autumn and high day temperatures when apples are nearing maturity favour watercore. Low fruit calcium and high levels of nitrogen may increase the chance of watercore in susceptible varieties.

HARVEST

Apples with watercore have high levels of the sugar sorbitol in the intracellular spaces.

In Japan, fruit with radial watercore command a premium price and are known as “honeyed apples”.
They are specially graded and sold quickly.

CONTROL

There are no known cures for affected fruit. Picking fruit before watercore develops and at the correct stage of maturity will help reduce losses. Adequate calcium nutrition and careful use of nitrogen fertilisers can minimise damage in susceptible varieties.

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Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard 2016

Another orchard visit whilst traveling through Cornwall and Devon. This time it is Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard we are visiting. We meant to drop by last year, but we could not find it.

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

You will need to be very fit to get to this orchard. Do not attempt if old or infirm or with a pram. Starting off from the harbour sea front, and walking up a very steep hill on the main road, just past the Naval College.

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

There is newly laid gravel path, which is a great help. As the orchard is on a very step slope.

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

The only trouble is it finishes abruptly.

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Dartmouth (Devon) Community Orchard

Hardly any of the trees are labeled up, and then some names appear to be vague.

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Hungarian method of Peach Leaf Curl (Taphrina deformans) control

As quoted by a Hungarian associate.

I am doing it different way than others. What is important is to start doing the prevention in the previous year. I give them systemic fungicide in autumn before leaf fall. It prevents infection through the leaves and buds. I also give them a copper washing in early spring. After leaf bud burst I give contact fungicide (cuproxat or/and Tiuram) every 7-10 days. I combine treatment with systemic contact once the leaves get bigger than 1-1,5cm. When it starts flowering it needs contact too. I also protect it from leaf curl twice after flowering. It must be good enough and it gives 99.9% success.

systemic fungicide – Systhane

copper washing – Copper Oxychloride or similar.

cuproxat – Active Ingredient (copper sulfate 27.1%)

Tiuram – 80% thiram (TMTD or Tetrametiltiuramdisolfuro)

 

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Grape variety ‘Dea’

White Outside Grape - Dea

White Outside Grape – Dea

The fruit is very large with a yellow skin colour, with the fruit ripe towards the end of September outside. The taste is fruity and juicy. It can be quite a vigorous grower, and it is self pollinated. It can be used for  juice, wine, table fruit. Scion wood is avaiable for ordering.

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Grape – Muscat Blue seedless

Grape – Muscat Blue seedless growing outdoors as a single stem cordon. This is a particularly useful disease resistant variety producing excellent juicy blue/black grapes. It crops reliably and can be used for dessert or wine.

Grape Muscat Blue

Grape Muscat Blue

Grape Muscat Blue

Grape Muscat Blue

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Mulberry – Illinois Everbearing still fruiting 2nd week Sept

Mulberry – Illinois Everbearing still fruiting 2nd week Sept. This must be one of the longest fruiting varieties, with flavour and sweetness just as good.

Mulberry Illinois Everbearing

Mulberry Illinois Everbearing

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Leicestershire Heritage Apple – Langton Nonesuch

Leicestershire is in the East Midlands of the UK, a slightly cooler climate than in the traditional apple growing counties of the UK.

The varieties that we grow, are being grown on behalf of the LEICESTERSHIRE HERITAGE APPLE PROJECT with most of the proceeds going towards the support of that project.

Apple - Langton Nonesuch

Apple – Langton Nonesuch

Langton Nonesuch is an old-fashioned eating apple, flesh white, soft, and tender, and quite tart for modern tastes. Juice plentiful, and slightly perfumed. Best eaten within a fortnight of picking. Ready mid-Sept.

If you are interested in this or any other Leicestershire apple checkout this link

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Persimmon – (Diospyros Kaki) Rojo Brillante – fruitlet Mid August

We are now getting to the time of the month where this fruit (Persimmon – Diospyros Kaki, Rojo Brillante) is getting more recognizable. Its already the size of a small plum. We have gone through the June drop, where lots of fruit were lost.

persimmon_rojo_brillant_fruit2persimmon_rojo_brillant_fruit2

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Persimmon – (Diospyros Kaki) Rojo Brillante – fruitlet

Small fruitlet forming of Persimmon Rojo Brillante, should be a good crop of Persimmons this year.

persimmon_rojo_brillant_fruit

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